Martyrs Memorial L.O.L.No. 213 Oxford
We are known as Martyrs Memorial Loyal Orange Lodge No. 213 Oxford and we belong to the Portsmouth District of the Metropolitan Province which consists of five Lodges. These Lodges are
The Metropolitan Province is one of six Provinces within the Loyal Orange Institution of England. Lodges in the Metropolitan Province are grouped into four districts - London District, Portsmouth District, Sussex District and Plymouth District.
The Loyal Orange
Institution of England is recognised as part of the World Orange Council which
also includes the respective Loyal Orange Associations of Ireland, Scotland,
Canada, Australia, New Zealand, USA, Ghana and Togo.
It is a worldwide brotherhood
committed to upholding the Protestant faith and the principle of Civil and
Religious Liberty for all...The
Institution is composed of Protestants, united and resolved to the utmost of
their power to support and defend the rightful Sovereign, the Protestant
Religion in Church and State, the laws of the Realm, the Legislative Union, and
the succession to the Throne in the House of Windsor, BEING PROTESTANT, and
united further, for the defence of their own persons and properties, and the
maintenance of the public peace. It is exclusively an Association of those who
are attached to the principles of the Reformation, and will not admit to its
Brotherhood persons whom an intolerant spirit leads to persecute, injure or
upbraid a man on account of his religious opinion.
They associate also in honour of King William III, Prince of Orange, whose name they bear as supporters of his glorious memory.
Where, when & how was the
Orange Society founded?
The Orange Association was first founded at Exeter Cathedral in Devonshire on 12th November 1688 in the presence of William, Prince of Orange, who later became King William III of England, Scotland and Ireland. One week earlier, at the request of many prominent members of the Nobility and Clergy, the Prince of Orange landed at Brixham with a large expeditionary force. The purpose of this expedition was to curtail James the Second's tyrannical rule, to end the prorogation of Parliament and to prevent Britain from acceding to the political and religious aspirations of Louis XIV of France. The Prince's expedition brought about The Glorious Revolution of 1688 and succeeded in guaranteeing certain rights and privileges which, today, are often taken for granted. These rights and privileges are embodied in The Bill of Rights of 1689 and The Act of Settlement of 1701 and in particular stress that the British Monarch cannot become, nor marry, a member of the Church of Rome. The origin of Orangeism consisted of an "engagement of the Nobles, Knights and Gentlemen of Exeter to assist the Prince of Orange in defence of the Protestant Religion and the Liberties of England". Dr. Gilbert Burnet, the Prince's Chaplain and later Bishop of Salisbury, drew up the following declaration:-
"We whose name are hereunto subscribed, who have now joined the Prince of Orange for the defence of the Protestant Religion, and for the maintaining of the ancient government and the laws and liberties of England, Scotland and Ireland, do engage to Almighty God, to His Highness the Prince and to one another to stick firm to his cause in the defence of it, and never to depart from it till our religion, laws and liberties are so far secured to us in a free parliament that they shall be no more in danger of falling under Popery and Slavery".